Mazisi Kunene is Google’s Thursday Doodle, here’s why
His work explores his nation’s culture, religion and history in the context of colonialism, apartheid and slavery
Mazisi Kunene was a South African poet best known for his poem ‘Emperor Shaka the Great’
Today’s Google Doodle celebrates Mazisi Kunene, an anti-apartheid activist and South African poet laureate, who would have been 92 today.
Kunene’s work recorded the history of the Zulu people and their traditions, the preservation of which he advocated for passionately throughout his life.
He wrote some of his seminal works in the UK, where he fled into exile after the South African government violently repressed the resistance movement.
Here’s what you need to know.
Mazisi Kunene was born on 12 May 1930 in Durban, in an eastern province now called KwaZulu-Natal. As a child, he loved writing short stories and poetry in Zulu.
By age 11, he was publishing his writings in local newspapers and magazines. As he grew older, he became a strong advocate for the preservation of indigenous Zulu poetic traditions.
His master’s thesis notably critiqued how Western literary traditions were diluting Zulu literature.
At the start of apartheid, Kunene used his works to resist the government’s racist segregation system.
When South African government cracked down on the resistance movement in the late 50s, exiling Kunene, he fled to the UK (and later the USA), where he helped start the anti-apartheid movement.
During this time, his work was banned in South Africa.
In exile, Kunene went on to publish monumental works of literature such as “Emperor Shaka the Great,” “Anthem of the Decades” and “The Ancestors and the Sacred Mountain”.
His work explores South African culture, religion and history in the context of colonialism, apartheid and slavery.
In 1975, Kunene became an African literature professor at University of California, Los Angeles, where he taught for nearly two decades. He also served as a cultural advisor to Unesco during this time.
Post-apartheid, Kunene returned to South Africa to continue writing in isiZulu. In 1993, Unesco honoured him as Africa’s poet laureate. He later also became the first poet laureate of democratic South Africa.
Mazisi Kunene died on 11 August 2006 in Durban. His legacy lives on not only in his poetry, but also the Mazisi Kunene Foundation Trust, which is dedicated to nurturing Africa’s next generation of literary talent.